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In practice: Everything you need to know about the LEZ in the Brussels-Capital Region.

LEZ In practice page zone

How will the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) impact air quality?

The Low Emission Zone (LEZ) helps to reduce road transport emissions by gradually banning the most polluting vehicles from the Brussels-Capital Region.

The first results of the LEZ are encouraging. In just two years, the number of older diesel vehicles on the road has fallen significantly and the quantity of NOx and PM2.5 emitted by cars on the road has also decreased. These results are detailed in the 2019 evaluation report.

In the medium term, air quality is expected to improve across the Region due to the LEZ. Brussels Environment expects that air quality standards for NO2 will be met at all measuring stations in the Region between 2020 and 2025, as outlined in the study on the expected effects of the LEZ. This will improve the quality of life and the health of all Brussels residents.

Our health is at stake

Various studies by the World Health Organization (WHO) have highlighted the significant health impacts of poor air quality.

Indeed, pollutants from road transport are causing an increase in:

  • Respiratory disorders and conditions (including asthma, for example),
  • Eye and nasal irritation,
  • Coughing and bronchitis,
  • Cardiovascular diseases,
  • Risk of stroke, heart disease and lung cancer.

The elderly, children and the sick are the most vulnerable.

According to the latest report from the European Environment Agency: in 2018, Belgium recorded 7,400 premature deaths from exposure to particulate matter, 1,200 premature deaths from exposure to nitrogen dioxide and 350 premature deaths from ozone exposure (source : EEA report 2020)

By prohibiting access to the most polluting vehicles in cities, we are helping to improve air quality for all, which is why the conditions for access to the LEZ will gradually become more restrictive over time.

What are the boundaries of the LEZ in Brussels?

The LEZ affects all 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region. The Ring and access roads to transit car parks are excluded.

Several ‘Park and Ride’ (P+R) transit car parks on the periphery of the Brussels-Capital Region are accessible to vehicles that do not meet LEZ access criteria: the Stalle, Ceria-Coovi, Lennik and Kraainem car parks. These car parks are a solution because they allow you to park your car safely and reach the city centre quickly by public transport. Combining modes of transport is an ideal way to travel in Brussels for residents, commuters and visitors who want to avoid traffic jams and parking costs in the city.

In Neerpede, some roads leading to the Ring are also excluded:

  • Chaussée de Mons (only between the regional boundary and the Ring entrances and exits).
  • Boulevard Henri Simonet
  • Rond-point Henri Simonet
  • Avenue Joseph Wybran (only between the Rond-point Henri Simonet and the regional boundary)
  • Route de Lennik (only between the regional boundary and Rond-point Henri Simonet).

In Zaventem, the car park at Brussels Airport is accessible for which you can book a place online in advance. From the airport, you can then travel elsewhere in the Region by bus, train or taxi.

How do I recognise the LEZ?

LEZ Zone Box

Nearly 300 road signs have been installed at the regional boundary to identify the LEZ. They indicate that you are entering or leaving the Low Emission Zone. You must only enter the LEZ with vehicles which comply with the access criteria.

What vehicles are affected?

Unless an exemption is granted, the regulation affects the following vehicles, whether registered in Belgium or abroad:

  • Cars (vehicle category M1 on the vehicle registration document) and vans (vehicle category N1 class I on the vehicle registration document)
  • Minibuses (vehicle category M2 on the vehicle registration document) and vans (vehicle category N1 class II, III on the vehicle registration document)
  • Buses (vehicle category M3 class I, II, A on the vehicle registration document)
  • Coaches (vehicle category M3 class III, B on the vehicle registration document)

New vehicle categories are set to be included from 2025 onwards.

  • Mopeds (vehicle category L1-L2 on the vehicle registration document)
  • Motorbikes (vehicle category L3-L7 on the vehicle registration document)
  • Heavy goods vehicles (vehicle category N2-N3)

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

Please note: the agenda presented for the 2025-2036 period is currently in the process of being passed into law.

How to use the agenda?

In the table below, first select the vehicle category (indicated in the field "J" of the vehicle registration document) from the drop-down menu. The vehicle categories are then divided up according to the type of fuel (petrol/hybrid/LPG/CNG or diesel/hybrid) - indicated in the "P3" field of the vehicle registration document. Finally, look at the line in the table corresponding to the vehicle’s EURO standard ("V9" field): this indicates, year by year, whether this vehicle can be driven in Brussels or not.

Car (M1) and van N1, class I

Norm 2021
Euro 6d
Euro 6d-TEMP
Euro 6 b, c
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
Euro 2
Euro 1
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro 6d
Euro 6d-TEMP
Euro 6 b, c
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
Euro 2
Euro 1
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Car (M1)
Van N1, class I
Euro 1
01/07/1992 - 31/12/1996
01/10/1994 - 31/12/1997
Euro 2
01/01/1997 - 31/12/2000
01/01/1998 - 31/12/2000
Euro 3
01/01/2001 - 31/12/2005
01/01/2001 - 31/12/2005
Euro 4
01/01/2006 - 31/12/2010
01/01/2006 - 31/12/2010
Euro 5
01/01/2011 - 31/08/2015
01/01/2011 - 31/08/2015
Euro 6
01/09/2015 - 31/08/2019
01/09/2015 - 31/08/2019
Euro 6d-TEMP
01/06/2019 - 31/12/2020
01/06/2019 - 31/12/2020
Euro 6d
01/01/2021 - ...
01/01/2021 - ...

Bus M3 class I, II, A

Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Bus M3 class I, II, A
No Euro standard
... - 30/09/1993
Euro I2
01/10/1993 - 30/09/1996
Euro II
01/10/1996 - 30/09/2001
Euro III
01/10/2001 - 30/09/2006
Euro IV
01/10/2006 - 30/09/2009
Euro V
01/10/2009 - 31/12/2012
Euro VI
01/01/2014 - 31/08/2019
Euro VId
01/09/2019 - 31/08/2021
Euro VIe
01/09/2021 - ...

Coach M3 class III, B

Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Coach M3 class III, B
No Euro standard
... - 30/09/1993
Euro I
01/10/1993 - 30/09/1996
Euro II
01/10/1996 - 30/09/2001
Euro III
01/10/2001 - 30/09/2006
Euro IV
01/10/2006 - 30/09/2009
Euro V
01/10/2009 - 31/12/2012
Euro VI
01/01/2014 - 31/08/2019
Euro VId
01/09/2019 - 31/08/2021
Euro VIe
01/09/2021 - ...

Moped L1-L2

Norm 2021
All
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro 5
< Euro 5
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Moped L1-L2
< Euro 5
... - 31/12/2020
Euro 5
01/01/2021 - ...

Motorbike L3-L5

Norm 2021
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
< Euro 3
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
< Euro 3
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Motorbike L3-L5
< Euro 3
... - 31/12/2006
Euro 3
01/01/2007 - 31/12/2016
Euro 4
01/01/2017 - 31/12/2020
Euro 5
... - 01/01/2021

Motorbike L6 – L7

Norm 2021
Euro 5
Euro 4
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro 5
Euro 4
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Motorbike L6
Motorbike L7
No Euro standard
... - 31/12/2017
... - 31/12/2016
Euro 4
01/01/2018 - 31/12/2020
01/01/2017 - 31/12/2020
Euro 5
01/01/2021 - ...
01/01/2021 - ...

Minibus (M2) and van N1 class II, III

Norm 2021
Euro 6d
Euro 6d-TEMP
Euro 6
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
Euro 2
Euro 1
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro 6d
Euro 6d-TEMP
Euro 6
Euro 5
Euro 4
Euro 3
Euro 2
Euro 1
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Minibus (M2) and van N1 class II, III
No Euro standard
... - 30/09/1994
Euro 1
01/01/1994 - 30/12/1997
Euro 2
01/01/1998 - 30/12/2001
Euro 3
01/01/2002 - 30/12/2006
Euro 4
01/10/2007 - 30/09/2011
Euro 5
01/10/2012 - 31/05/2016
Euro 6
01/09/2016 - 31/08/2020
Euro 6d-TEMP
01/09/2020 - 31/12/2021
Euro 6d
01/01/2022 - ...

Heavy goods vehicle N2 < 2610kg

Norm 2021
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Heavy goods vehicle N2 < 2610kg
No Euro standard
... - 30/09/1993
Euro I
01/10/1993 - 30/09/1996
Euro II
01/10/1996 - 30/09/2001
Euro III
01/10/2001 - 30/09/2006
Euro IV
01/10/2006 - 30/12/2011
Euro V
01/01/2012 - 31/08/2016
Euro VI
01/09/2016 - 31/12/2021
Euro VId
01/01/2022 - ...

Heavy goods vehicle N2 < 2610kg and N3

Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036
Norm 2021
Euro VIe
Euro VId
Euro VI
Euro V
Euro IV
Euro III
Euro II
Euro I
No Euro standard
2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036

A vehicle may or may not be driven in the LEZ depending on its Euro standard, fuel type and category.

How can I find out what is the EURO standard of my vehicle?

The Euro standard is a European environmental standard with which vehicle engines must comply. The higher the Euro standard of a vehicle, the lower its emissions. A vehicle’s Euro standard determines, according to the fuel it uses and its category, whether or not it is permitted to access the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

Is the Euro standard indicated on the vehicle registration document.If the Euro standard is not shown on the vehicle’s registration document, the first registration date will be taken into account. This is also shown on your vehicle’s registration document.

Emissions norm
Heavy goods vehicle N2 < 2610kg and N3
No Euro standard
... - 30/09/1993
Euro I
01/10/1993 - 30/09/1996
Euro II
01/10/1996 - 30/09/2001
Euro III
01/10/2001 - 30/09/2006
Euro IV
01/10/2006 - 30/09/2009
Euro V
01/10/2009 - 31/12/2013
Euro VI
01/01/2014 - 31/08/2019
Euro VId
01/09/2019 - 31/08/2021
Euro VIe
01/09/2021 - ...

If your vehicle is a used vehicle, the Euro standard is indicated on the Car-Pass. It is also possible to check the EURO standard of your vehicle using the COC code (.pdf) on the vehicle’s certificate of conformity. If the vehicle’s Euro standard is different from the one indicated on your vehicle registration document or in the simulator, you can request a correction of your data.

If your vehicle does not meet the access criteria of the Low Emission Zone (LEZ), you can buy a day pass and have access to the Brussels-Capital Region.

How much is the fine?

Failure to comply with the Brussels LEZ access criteria is subject to a fine of €350.

Each further offence will cost the same amount. However, a fine may only be imposed for a new infraction if it takes place at least 3 months after the previous.
Example: I drove on 1 May with a prohibited vehicle. I get a first fine. I will receive a second fine if I drive this vehicle after 31 July. This may be repeated several times.
This approach allows the vehicle owner to take the necessary steps to avoid having to use their vehicle. Over a year, a maximum of 4 fines per vehicle can therefore be imposed.

In 2022, it is expected that fines for new vehicles covered by the restrictions will only be sent from April 2022. A 3-month transition period has been established, during which only warnings will be sent to offenders.

If you receive a fine and have difficulty paying it, you can request a payment plan. Your request for a payment plan must be made to Brussels Taxation.

The terms and conditions to benefit from a payment plan are as follows:

  • Submit a reasoned request before the due date of the fine.
  • The maximum number of monthly payments is limited to 4.

You can submit your request via this form by selecting the "Payment plan for fines" option.

How are the checks carried out?

Checks will be carried out based on the vehicle licence plate using fixed and mobile cameras. A network of 191 cameras has been set up gradually throughout the region and at the regional boundary. These cameras are used in compliance with legislation on the use of private data and images.

They are used both for the purposes of the Low Emission Zone and by the police. They have been implemented as part of the video-protection platform of the Brussels-Capital Region Prevention and Security project.