INFORMATION : +32 (0)2 775 75 75 - info@lez.brussels

My vehicle

 Which vehicles are affected?

The regulation applies to the following vehicles ; registered in Belgium or abroad (except exemptions):

  • Passenger cars
  • Vans ≤ 3.5 ton (vehicle category N1 on the registration documents) 
  • Buses and coaches

In 2018, the only vehicles which will not be allowed to drive in Brussels are EURO 1-standard diesel vehicles or vehicles without a EURO standard (pre-Euro standards).   

 

Vehicles that aren't affected: See the question " On which vehicles does the LEZ not apply ?

 

  • The oldest diesel vehicles will be the most targeted, since they emit more polluting, and consequently unhealthy, substances such as black carbon.
  • Petrol vehicles will not be affected in 2018, but the rules will change in the subsequent years.
  • The rules of the LEZ also apply to vehicles registered abroad and such vehicles must be registered.
  • Certain exemptions are allowed
  • Access to the LEZ will always be possible with a paid-for day pass (maximum eight days’ access a year).

 

Diesel 2018 2019 2020 2022 2025
EURO 6 / VI Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces
EURO 5 / V Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces with paid-for pass*
EURO 4 / IV Acces Acces Acces Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*
EURO 3 / III Acces Acces Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*
EURO 2 / II Acces Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*
EURO 1 / I Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*
No EURO standard Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*

*maximum 8 days access a year

 

PETROL/LPG/CNG 2018 2019 2020 2022 2025
EURO 6 / VI               Acces               Acces Acces Acces Acces
EURO 5 / V Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces
EURO 4 / IV Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces
EURO 3 / III Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces
EURO 2 / II Acces Acces Acces Acces Acces with paid-for pass*
EURO 1 / I Acces Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*
No EURO stantard  Acces Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass* Acces with paid-for pass*

*maximum 8 days access a year

How can I find out which EURO standard my vehicle has ?

The EURO standard is a European environmental standard with which the engine of a vehicle must comply. The aim is to limit the emissions of pollutants of vehicles. The higher a vehicle's EURO standard, the lower its emissions. Depending on the fuel type, the EURO standard of a vehicle determines whether or not it can enter the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

The EURO standard for every vehicle is indicated on the registration documents. The card also contains information regarding the vehicle category, the fuel type and the vehicle's first registration date.

  • If the EURO standard is not indicated on the registration documents of the vehicle, then the date of first registration is used.
  • To help you retrieve the Euro standard of your vehicle, you can use the “Chassis tool”; available on the website www.ecoscore.be. By filling in the chassis number of your vehicle, you may obtain the Euro standard, as well as other information regarding the environmental performance of your vehicle. You can also make your research using a list of multiple chassis numbers.

 

How can I find out the EURO standard of my vehicle if it is not indicated on the registration documents ?

If the EURO standard is not indicated on the registration documents of the vehicle, then the date of first registration is taken as the basis (date on the registration documents).

For example: a vehicle which was registered between 1/07/1992 and 31/12/1996 is considered as "EURO1". 

 

EMission standard

passenger cars 

(category M1)

van 

(category N1- weight I)

Minibuses/vans for personal transport (category M2) or van  (N1), with II ou III.

Buses/coaches

(M3)

Euro1/I

01/07/1992 – 31/12/1996

01/10/1994-31/12/1997

01/10/1994-31/12/1997

01/10/1993-30/09/1996

Euro2/II

01/01/1997-31/12/2000

01/01/1998-31/12/2000

01/01/1998-31/12/2001

01/10/1996-30/09/2001

Euro3/III

01/01/2001-31/12/2005

01/01/2001-31/12/2005

01/01/2002-31/12/2006

01/10/2001-30/09/2006

Euro4/IV

01/01/2006-31/12/2010

01/01/2006-31/12/2010

01/01/2007-31/12/2011

01/10/2006-30/09/2009

Euro5/V

01/01/2011-31/08/2015

01/01/2011-31/08/2015

01/01/2012-31/08/2016

01/10/2009-31/12/2013

Euro6/VI

01/09/2015-31/08/2019

01/09/2015-31/08/2019

01/09/2016-31/08/2020

01/01/2014-…

Euro6d-TEMP

01/09/2019-31/12/2020

01/09/2019-31/12/2020

01/09/2020-31/12/2021

 

Euro6d

01/01/2021- …

01/01/2021-….

01/01/2021-…

 

On which vehicles does the LEZ not apply ?

(These exemptions still require final approval by the Brussels legislator)

An application will need to be submitted to ask for specific exemptions. Exemptions may be applied as from summer 2018.

Exemptions cover vehicles registered both in Belgium and abroad.

  • Motorised two-wheelers (category L)
  • Trucks (>3.5 ton) for goods transportation (category N2 and N3)
  • Agricultural and forestry tractors (with caterpillar tracks or wheels)
  • Electric vehicles
  • Hydrogen-powered vehicles
  • Motorhomes (as specified in the Belgian Highway Code – category M SA): These are vehicles for special use corresponding to category M, designed to serve as accommodation and whose habitable compartment includes at least the following equipment: chairs and a table; beds created either with or without the seats, a kitchenette and storage space. This equipment must be immovable; however, the table may be designed to fold away easily.
  • Priority vehicles (as specified in article 37 of the Belgian Highway Code); namely vehicles with one or more blue flashing lights and a specific alarm signal. Police vehicles, for example. 
  • Vehicles used for emergency or rescue operations at the request of the fire brigade, police, army, civil protection or road authorities.
  • Army vehicles
  • Vehicles registered in Belgium under a licence plate with a letter sequence beginning with the letter “O” in circulation for more than 30 years. For vehicles registered abroad, vehicles in circulation for more than 30 years are concerned.
  • Vehicles in circulation for more than 30 years used for recreational tourism activities or other commercial purposes for which the “classic” vehicle is part of the business concept. For example, vehicles hired for weddings or other events.
  • Vehicles which are especially adapted to the transport of disabled passenger and for which the owner of the licence plate, or a person officially living at the same address, has the specific parking card for disabled persons. The vehicle must have been registered before 01/01/2018.
  • Vehicles equipped with a wheelchair lift.
  • Vehicles especially equipped for the maintenance and control of infrastructures and facilities of general utility. These vehicles are identifiable by their bodywork, their equipment or other permanent characteristics. The engine and functional elements must form a single block. This category covers certain public service vehicles, distribution network managers, road maintenance services and their subcontractors, drain flushing, sweeping and cable-laying vehicles, tram line maintenance vehicles, etc. Vehicles equipped for specific tasks requiring considerable investment.
  • Vehicles especially adapted for markets, fairs, parades and mobile businesses. Market vehicles with the engine element and sales section in a single piece, for instance food trucks or vehicles adapted for use by fishmongers, butchers, etc. Fair vehicles for which the attraction part cannot be detached from the engine element.

 

  • In no event does a particulate filter provide authorisation to enter/drive around the LEZ. The EURO standard counts, even if you have installed a retrofit particulate filter.
  • For vehicles for professional use, no exemption is anticipated (unless if they are included in the previously-mentioned list of vehicles with an exemption).

 

 

My vehicle is allowed into the LEZ using a paid-for day pass; how does that work? 

Vehicles non-compliant to the LEZ access criteria may enter the Brussels-Capital Region with a paid-for day pass, authorizing a maximum of eight days’ access to the region. Once the eight days have elapsed, the vehicle must meet the access rules .

The pass will be available from summer 2018.

The practicalities (price etc.) for getting hold of such a “pass” still need to be decided upon by the Brussels authorities.

I am planning to purchase a new vehicle. How do I know if I am allowed to drive in the LEZ?

In principle, all new vehicles meet the EURO 6 standard, and may therefore access the LEZ. It is advisable to purchase the least polluting vehicles, such as electric vehicles, natural gas-powered vehicles or hydrogen-powered vehicles, see fuel. Petrol vehicles are less polluting than diesel vehicles. For example, a Euro 3 petrol car may be driven until 2025. The strictest conditions apply to diesel vehicles. Do not hesitate to ask for advice from your dealer, who will guide you on the best choice depending on your budget.

I am planning to purchase a second-hand vehicle. How do I know if I am allowed to drive in the LEZ?

If you purchase a second-hand vehicle, be certain to check its EURO standard. 

Check the registration documents of the vehicle (see question "How can I find out what EURO standard my vehicle has?"). Otherwise, check the vehicle's date of first registration (see question "How can I find out the EURO standard of my vehicle if it is not indicated on the registration documents?"). Bear in mind that the strictest conditions apply for diesel vehicles.

You may also consult the website www.ecoscore.be which can provide useful information regarding the environmental performance of the desired vehicle. The Euro standard of the vehicle will be indicated as well.

I have a vehicle which is registered abroad, does the LEZ apply to me ?

YES, passenger cars, vans (<3.5 ton), minibuses and buses/coaches which were registered abroad must meet the criteria for access to the LEZ. 

However, vehicles registered abroad requiring access and meeting the access criteria must be registered before entering the Brussels region. Registration is therefore compulsory and free of charge.

Registration must be carried out as from summer 2018. The precise measures for registering your vehicle still need to be defined by the Brussels authorities.