INFORMATION : +32 (0)2 775 75 75 - lez@environnement.brussels

My vehicle

 Which vehicles are affected?

The regulation applies to the following vehicles (except exemptions):

  • Passenger cars
  • Vans ≤ 3.5 ton (vehicle category N1 on the grey card) 
  • Buses and coaches

In 2018, the only vehicles which will not be allowed to drive in Brussels are EURO 1-standard diesel vehicles or vehicles without a EURO standard.   

 

  • The oldest diesel vehicles will be the most targeted, since they emit more polluting, and consequently unhealthy, substances such as nitrous oxides.
  • Petrol vehicles will not be affected in 2018, but the rules will change in subsequent years.
  • The rules applied to the LEZ are applicable to all vehicles registered in Belgium or abroad.
  • Certain exemptions are allowed for special vehicles for PPE, motorists who benefit from an increased allowance and who have a disability card, for two-wheeled vehicles, exceptional convoys, and oldtimers (classic cars) more than 30 years old.

 

Diesel 2018 2019 2020 2022 2025
EURO 6 / VI Authorised​ Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised
EURO 5 / V Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Unauthorised
EURO 4 / IV Authorised Authorised Authorised Unauthorised Unauthorised
EURO 3 / III Authorised Authorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised
EURO 2 / II Authorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised
EURO 1 / I Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised
No EURO standard Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised Unauthorised

 

 

ESSENCE/LPG/CNG 2018 2019 2020 2022 2025
EURO 6 / VI Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised
EURO 5 / V Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised
EURO 4 / IV Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised
EURO 3 / III Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised
EURO 2 / II Authorised Authorised Authorised Authorised Unauthorized
EURO 1 / I Authorised Unauthorized Unauthorized Unauthorized Unauthorized
No EURO stantard  Authorised Unauthorized Unauthorized Unauthorized Unauthorized

How can I find out what EURO standard my vehicle has ?

The EURO standard is a European environmental standard with which the engine of a vehicle must comply. The aim is to limit the emission of pollutants by vehicles. The higher a vehicle's EURO standard, the lower its emissions. Depending on the fuel type, the EURO standard of a vehicle determines whether or not it can enter the Low Emission Zone (LEZ).

The EURO standard for every car is indicated on the vehicle's grey card. The card also contains information regarding the vehicle category, the fuel type and the vehicle's first registration date.

 

How can I find out the EURO standard of my vehicle if it is not indicated on the grey card ?

If the EURO standard is not indicated on the grey card of the vehicle, then the first registration date is taken as the basis (date on the grey card).

For example: a vehicle which was registered between 1/07/1992 and 31/12/1996 is considered as "EURO1". 

 

EMissions standard

passenger cars 

(category M1)

van 

(N1- weight I)

Minibuses/vans for personal transport (category M2) or van  (N1), with II ou III.

Buses/coaches

(M3)

Euro1/I

01/07/1992 – 31/12/1996

01/10/1994-31/12/1997

01/10/1994-31/12/1997

01/10/1993-30/09/1996

Euro2/II

01/01/1997-31/12/2000

01/01/1998-31/12/2000

01/01/1998-31/12/2001

01/10/1996-30/09/2001

Euro3/III

01/01/2001-31/12/2005

01/01/2001-31/12/2005

01/01/2002-31/12/2006

01/10/2001-30/09/2006

Euro4/IV

01/01/2006-31/12/2010

01/01/2006-31/12/2010

01/01/2007-31/12/2011

01/10/2006-30/09/2009

Euro5/V

01/01/2011-31/08/2015

01/01/2011-31/08/2015

01/01/2012-31/08/2016

01/10/2009-31/12/2013

Euro6/VI

01/09/2015-31/08/2019

01/09/2015-31/08/2019

01/09/2016-31/08/2020

01/01/2014-…

Euro6d-TEMP

01/09/2019-31/12/2020

01/09/2019-31/12/2020

01/09/2020-31/12/2021

 

Euro6d

01/01/2021- …

01/01/2021-….

01/01/2021-…

 

To which vehicles is the LEZ not applicable ?

(Derogations must still be definitively established by the Brussels legislator)

  • Motorised two-wheelers
  • Trucks (>3.5 ton) which transport goods
  • Agricultural and forestry tractors (with caterpillar tracks or wheels)
  • Vehicles for specific use: motor caravans1, armoured vehicles2, ambulances, hearses, mobile cranes, vehicles accessible for wheelchair users, in particular vehicles for a specific function which require adaptations to the bodywork and/or specific equipment3.
  • Electric vehicles
  • Hybrid vehicles
  • Rechargeable hybrid vehicles with maximum CO2 emissions of 50 grams per kilometre (plug-in hybrid)
  • Hydrogen-powered vehicles
  • Priority vehicles (as specified in article 37 of the Highway Code); namely vehicles with one or more blue flashing lights and a special alarm signal. This refers to police vehicles, for example. 
  • So-called exceptional vehicles (which have valid authorisation for exceptional transport from the competent authority). 
  • Army vehicles
  • Vehicles which have already been in circulation for more than thirty years and, for vehicles registered in Belgium, are registered under a license plate for which the letter sequence begins with the letter "O", in accordance with article 4, §2 of the ministerial decree of 23 July 2001 on the registration of vehicles;
  • Vehicles for which the owner of the license plate, or a person domiciled at the same address, has a parking card for persons with a disability AND benefits from an increased healthcare allowance. 
  • Vehicles which are specially adapted to transport persons with a disability AND for which the owner of the license plate, or a person domiciled at the same address, has a parking card for persons with a disability.
  • Vehicles intended for school transport (indicated as such with the sign which is specified under article 39a 1 of the Highway Code).

 

  • In no event does a particulate filter provide authorisation to enter/drive around the LEZ. The EURO standard counts, even if you have installed a retrofit particulate filter.
  • For vehicles for professional use, no exemption is anticipated (unless if they are included in the previously-mentioned list of vehicles with an exemption).

 

 

I am planning to purchase a new vehicle. How do I know if I am allowed to drive in the LEZ?

In principle, all new vehicles have the EURO 6 standard, and therefore access to the LEZ. It is advisable to purchase the least polluting vehicles, such as electric vehicles, natural gas-powered vehicles, rechargeable hybrid vehicles or hydrogen-powered vehicles. Petrol vehicles are less polluting than diesel vehicles. The strictest conditions apply to diesel vehicles. 

I am planning to purchase a second-hand vehicle. How do I know if I am allowed to drive in the LEZ?

If you purchase a second-hand vehicle, be certain to check the EURO standard. 

Check the grey card of the vehicle (see question "How can I find out what EURO standard my vehicle has?"). Otherwise, check the vehicle's date of first registration (see question "How can I find out the EURO standard of my vehicle if it is not indicated on the grey card?"). Bear in mind that the strictest conditions apply for diesel vehicles.

I have a vehicle which is registered abroad, does the LEZ apply to me ?

YES, passenger cars, vans (<3.5 ton), minibuses and buses/coaches which were registered abroad must meet the criteria for access to the LEZ 

 

  • 1. Any vehicle for special use from category M that was designed to be used as a house and containing at least the following equipment in the cabin: seats and a table, berths which can be made with or without seats, a kitchenette, and storage compartments. This equipment must be stowable; however the table can be designed in such a way that it can easily be hidden from view.
  • 2. SH vehicles, namely vehicles from category M1 which were built or specially adapted for transporting one or more wheelchair users by road. (www.homologatie.be).
  • 3. As specified in the Royal Decree of 15 March 1968, laying down general rules on the technical requirements with which vehicles and their trailers, components and safety accessories must comply.