- What does LEZ mean ?
- Why have a LEZ in Brussels?
- In which area of Brussels is the LEZ implemented?
- When is the LEZ introduced?
LEZ stands for "Low Emission Zone". The term is used to designate where polluting vehicles are not allowed to drive in a given city, or areas of that city. It is one of the measures taken in numerous European cities to improve air quality and consequently public health.
Several studies by the World Health Organisation, as well as various actions of the European Commission, have highlighted the poor air quality in Brussels and its subsequent impact on public health. Moreover, air pollution increases the risk of strokes, heart disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory disorders, in particular asthma. In Belgium, 12,000 premature deaths have already been attributed to poor air quality. By prohibiting the most polluting vehicles from the Brussels Capital Region, the quality of the air can be improved for everyone. For Brussels inhabitants, visitors and commuters.
The entire territory of the Brussels-Capital Region is covered by the LEZ (all 19 municipalities), although the Ring (R0) is not affected. However, certain streets allow access to particular car parks and 3 of them will remain accessible:
|The Céria-Coovi car park, via Boulevard Josse Leemans and the Lennik road (from the regional border to the crossroads with Bld. Josse Leemens and Bld Josse Leemens only).|
|The Stalle car park via Rue de Stalle (between the regional border and the car park entrances/exits only), Rue du Marechal and Rue de L’Étoile (between the regional border and the car park entrances/exits only);|
|The Kraainem car park via Avenue de Wezembeek (between the regional border and the car park entrances/exits only) and Avenue E. Mounier (between Avenue de Wezembeek at the car park entrances/exits only).|
Some roads allowing access to the future Esplanade car park will also be excluded.
In Neerpede, certain roads allowing you to join the Ring are also excluded:
- Chaussée de Mons (between the regional border and the Ring entrances/exits only)
- Boulevard Henri Simonet
- The Henri Simonet roundabout
- Avenue Joseph Wybran (between the Henri Simonet roundabout and the regional border)
- The Lennik road (between the regional border and the Henri Simonet roundabout only).
The LEZ is officially established as from 01/01/2018.
A transition period - during which only warnings will be sent - is planned, to allow residents and visitors/commuters to adapt to the new system. After this, failure to comply with the access criteria will result in a fine (see checks).
With reservation of the approval of the texts by the Brussels’ legislator, a transition period of 9 months is foreseen. This means that only as from October 2018, the non-respect of the access criteria will result in an administrative fine.
The LEZ appliesevery day of the week, 24/7.
Only the oldest diesel vehicles will be affected in 2018, the first year of application (see table): the access criteria will change over time so gradually more vehicles will be affectec by the LEZ.
With reservation of the approval of the texts by the Brussels’ legislator, the transition period for the years 2019 and 2020 will be 3 months.