- What does LEZ mean ?
- Why have a LEZ in Brussels?
- In which territories of Brussels will the LEZ be implemented?
- When will the LEZ be introduced?
LEZ stands for "Low Emission Zone". The term is used to designate where polluting vehicles are not allowed to drive in a given city, or areas of that city. It is one of the measures taken in numerous European cities to improve air quality and consequently public health.
Several studies by the World Health Organisation, as well as various actions of the European Commission, have highlighted the poor air quality in Brussels and its subsequent impact on health. Moreover, air pollution increases the risk of strokes, heart disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory disorders, in particular asthma. In Belgium, 12,000 premature deaths have already been attributed to poor air quality. By prohibiting the most polluting vehicles from the Brussels Region, the quality of the air can be improved for everyone. For Brussels inhabitants, visitors and commuters.
The entire territory of the Brussels-Capital Region is covered by the LEZ (all 19 municipalities). However, four park and rides will still be available - these are the Céria Coovi Stalle, and Kraainem car parks and the planned Esplanade car park. The Ring isn't affected by the LEZ. Certain streets that access the Ring at Neerpede will also be considered as being outside the LEZ (the exact streets still have to be specified in the legislation).
The LEZ will be in force from 01/01/2018. It will be applicable every day of the week, 24 hours a day. Only the oldest diesel vehicles will be affected in the first year (See table): the criteria will change over time so that gradually more vehicles will be taken into account. The Brussels Government has planned that cars that no longer meet the criteria for access to the Region can nevertheless enter it using a paid access system, for a maximum of eight days per year (the practical arrangements for obtaining this pass still have to be defined by the Brussels legislature).